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    食物的“四气五味”

     

     

      想通过饮食来调养身体,就要趋利避害,建立起科学良好的饮食习惯。克服那种胡吃乱吃,想吃什么就吃什么,想吃多少就吃多少的不良饮食习惯。提高生命的整体质量。

     www.mrsyj.com 2009-12-21    来源:食养家

     

     

     


      中医认为,规律用餐、合理搭配是“食养”的基本原则。饮食物要种类多样,搭配合理,五味适中
      
      进食时要细嚼慢咽,不可暴饮暴食;美食美器,心绪安和。另外,食物还要与年龄、体质、地域环境、季节天气相适应。
      
      食物吃法有讲究
      
      对于味道好、营养价值高的食物,人们自然喜欢多吃,但中医认为,食物本身的营养价值固然重要,其食用方法也对食物营养的吸收和肠胃健康很重要。
      
      按时进餐是维护人体对营养物质有节律性的吸收和利用的关键,是食养中的重要因素之一。适量饮食,是保持人体阴阳平衡的重要环节之一。
      
      细嚼慢咽可充分发挥口中的津液灌溉五脏六腑,润泽周身的作用。由于津液中的多种酶、维生素、有机酸等物质有助消化,具有润洁口腔、抗菌、抗毒和防癌等作用。纵容口腹,暴饮暴食,大吃大喝,极易损伤脾胃,使饮食得不到充分消化,酷烈之气易内蚀脏腑而引发疾病。
      
      食物也有“四气五味”
      
      中医认为,食物具有寒、热、温、凉四种属性,还有酸、苦、甘、辛、咸五种味道。食物的属性与味道的不同,影响着其对身体作用的不同。
      
      寒性、凉性的食物都有利于热性疾病。
      
      如:苦瓜性寒,能清热解毒,可用于热病或暑热烦渴,肝热引起的目赤痛。
      
      寒凉只是程度的不同,如香蕉都属于凉性水果,都有生津止渴的作用,用于热伤阴津出现的烦热口渴。
      
      热性、温性的食物对寒性病症有好处。
      
      如:羊肉、狗肉性温,都有温中暖肾作用,可用于脾肾虚寒出现的腹痛少食,腰膝痿软,阳痿。
      
      同时,中医认为食物味道不同作用就不同。酸味能收能涩,如樱桃能滋养肝肾而止泻
      
      辛能散能行,如葱白、香菜能散风寒
      
      苦味能泻火,如苦瓜能清热解暑,解毒。咸味能软坚润下,如紫菜、海带都能软坚散结。
      
      甘味能补虚,如龙眼肉能补脾胃,养血安神;大枣可补脾胃,养气血。

      

     

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